JKAS - Journal of the Korean Astronomical Society

The Korean Astronomical Society

JKAS is a bimonthly publication of the Korean Astronomical Society. We aim at promoting the original work of researchers in all branches of astronomy and astrophysics. We cover all categories of work, including observation, theory, methodology, instrumentation, software, and data bases. We welcome proposals for review articles or special issues.

JKAS was launched in 1968 to provide a peer-reviewed scientific journal to the Korean community of astronomers. As there were only a few professional astronomers in Korea back then, JKAS initially published one issue per year, with each issue containing a handful of papers written either in Korean or English. The first-ever JKAS paper was written by Chou & Kitamura and discussed the photometric orbit of the eclipsing binary DI Pegasi. Over time, the Korean astronomy community grew, and so did the number of papers. In 1986, JKAS became English-only, with Korean language papers spun off to the Publications of the Korean Astronomical Society (PKAS). Around 2004/2005, the astronomical societies of Korea, Japan, China, and India discussed a merger of their national astronomy journals, including JKAS, into a unified Asian journal; eventually, this proposal was rejected In the past decade, efforts were made to make JKAS fit for the 21st century. In 2009, JKAS was added to the ISI/Thomson Reuters Science Citation Index Expanded database and received an impact factor, thus at last joining the family of globally recognized quality scientific journals. Nowadays, JKAS receives about 40 to 50 papers per year out of which 20 to 30 are accepted and published.

Journal of the Korean Astronomical Society - Vol. 52 , No. 5

52: 159 - 172, 2019 October

https://doi.org/10.5303/JKAS.2019.52.5.159

ECONOMIC POWER, POPULATION, AND SIZE OF ASTRONOMICAL COMMUNITY

Sang-Hyeon Ahn

Abstract:

It is known that the number of astronomers of a country registered to the International As-tronomical Union (IAU) is correlated with that country셲 gross domestic product (GDP). However, the robustness of this relationship could be doubted, as the fraction of astronomers joining the IAU di詮ers from country to country. Here we revisit this correlation by using more recent data, updated as of 2017. We 詮걆d a similar correlation by using the total number of astronomers and astrophysicists with PhD degrees that are working in each country, instead of adopting the number of IAU members. We con詮걊m the existence of the correlation. We also con詮걊m the existence of two subgroups within this correlation. One group consists of advanced European countries having a long history of modern astronomy, while the other group consists of countries having experienced recent rapid economic development. In order to determine the cause for the correlation, we obtained the long-term variations of the number of as-tronomers, population, and the GDP for a number of countries.


Key words: sociology of astronomy methods: data analysis methods: statistical

Received May 2, 2019; accepted July 23, 2019