Ethics Policy

I. All authors and reviewers must conform to the principles of academic integrity. Discovery of research misconduct will lead to the rejection of all articles submitted to JKAS and retraction of all articles published in JKAS which are affected. Authors involved in research misconduct will be barred from publishing in JKAS temporarily or permanently. JKAS reserves the right to submit complaints to the host organizations of authors involved in research misconduct.

II. Research misconduct refers to any instance of fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, failure to give proper credit to co-authors, or redundant publication as defined below:

1. "Fabrication" refers to the act of presenting non-existent data or research results.

2. "Falsification" refers to the act of artificially fabricating research materials, equipment, and processes, or distorting research content or results by arbitrarily altering and deleting data.

3. "Plagiarism" refers to the act of using others' ideas, research content, or results without obtaining proper approval from the authors or without appropriate remarks or citation.

4. "Failing to give proper credit to co-authors" refers to the act of failing to list those who contributed scientifically/academically to the research process or results as co-authors without justifiable reason, or conversely to the act of listing those who have not made any scientific/academic contribution as co-authors out of appreciation or respect.

5. "Redundant publication" refers to the act of publishing a paper that is identical or highly similar to one that has already been published without due approval or citation.

6. The act of suggesting to, coercing, or threatening another person to commit any of the acts described in points 1 to 5 above.

7. All other acts that go drastically beyond the typically permissible scope within the academic or scientific and technological community.

Incidents arising from honest mistakes, or from differences in interpreting or judging data or research results, are not misconduct.

III. JKAS examines all articles submitted for publication for signs of plagiarism using third-party software. Authors who submit an article that had previously been submitted to another journal have to declare this fact upon submission of their work to JKAS. Authors who notice a serious error in their work after publication should inform the JKAS Editorial Office and prepare an Erratum, or request retraction of their work, as soon as possible.

IV. Authors, referees, and editors are required to declare any conflict of interest relevant to the work under consideration. A conflict of interest is a situation in which financial or other personal considerations from authors or reviewers have the potential to compromise or bias professional judgment and objectivity.

V. Anyone who wants to file a complaint about work submitted to or published in JKAS, or provide information about possible research misconduct related to such work, should contact the JKAS Editorial Office or the Office of the Korean Astronomical Society (KAS). Suspected violations of this Ethics Policy, as well as matters not specified here, are handled according to the KAS Regulations of Research Ethics.